FLOUR BUGFlour bugs are bugs that live in flour. Their eggs pass through all the sifting, sorting, and filtering because they are about the same size as the flour particles. The coarser the flour, the more likely intact bug eggs will survive. Over time such eggs may hatch. If you use the flour and/or mix fast enough the bug eggs will not hatch. Some bug eggs can pass through 30 mesh screens through which coarser flours such as whole wheat and corn flour, pass.1 A mesh size of #30 has an opening of .0203 inch2. The Food and Drug Administration uses several mesh sizes when looking for bug eggs,3 including Mesh 30. The United States Department of Agriculture recommends an even smaller Mesh 50 to sift for flour beetle eggs, “Pre-sift the flour with this size of sieve, or an even smaller #30 mesh sieve.) For collecting eggs, a #50 mesh sieve should be used to pre-sift the flour.”4 A #50 mesh has an opening of .0110 inch.5. Even a #50 doesn’t catch all bug eggs.
Ener-G Foods will replace at no charge any of its products which become infested with bugs.
National Historic Site of Canada. Deltmail.org
Sorting the Flour 03/02/14
DOCK Mesh (scale) Wikipedia.
Guide to Inspections of Grain Product Manufactures.
Food and Drug Administrations July 2013
Beetle Wrangling. United States Department of Agriculture, Agricultural Research Services
P.W.. Beeman, S. Hass and K. Friesen
Listings of PhenylalanineWe list Phenylalanine as a service to people with a genetic disease named PKU (Phenylketonuria). Phenylalanine occurs in almost all proteins. It is an essential protein to sustain in life, however people with PKU can only tolerate very small amounts. For example the 3.5mg of phenylalanine in our Potato Starch is tolerated by almost all people with PKU.
Culinary Arts SchoolsA Culinary Guide to Gluten Free Cooking
The Stepping Stones to Food Allergies“One of the secrets in life is to make stepping stones out of stumbling blocks.”
Jack Penn Nutimom Inc.05/31/12
Artificial Sweeteners and Weight GainConflicting studies and opinions have been occurring concerning artificial sweeteners and weight gain.
Artificial Sweeteners can Actually Cause Weight Gain
Jamie Yacoub, M.P.H., R.D.Fit Day. 12/09/2013
Artificial sweeteners are safe and effective tools for weight management says obesity specialist
Elaine Watson. Food Navigator. 11/26/2013
Resistant starchResistant Starch is Amylose Starch. Amylose is partially resistant to digestion. Amylose is a straight molecule composed of glucose molecules. It nourishes friendly bacteria in our intestine. Amylopectin is a molecule made of many branches of glucose. The digestion begins in our mouths with the enzyme Amylase which breaks amylopectin into its glucose-sugar molecules. The glucose branches are more easily removed than with amylose starch. This makes a sweet taste which varies depending upon the number of free, glucose molecules.
“All starches are made up of varying proportions of amylose and amylopectin.”1 “Potato Starch has about 20% amylose.”2
Resistant starch can be listed as dietary fiber. Food companies like doing this because it increases sales. If a starch doesn’t list dietary fiber it probably doesn’t contain significant amylose.
Non-Modified, Resistant Corn Starch is produced by several companies.3
Modified Resistant Starches are made by subjecting amylopectin starch to acids and/or bases to change the branched, chain molecule to straight, amylose molecules. Companies doing this are below. 4,5
Both Potato Flour and Potato Starch Flour are cooked. My only comment on eating raw potato is to make sure the potatoes are not green or sprouting. 6.
It is possible to make amylose starch by heating some types of amylopectin starch into a gel and cooling it. This is RS4 starch.8
1. Understanding Starch Functionality. Scott Hegenbart, Editor. Food Product Design. Jan. 1. 1996.
2. Cargill Foods has produces resistant corn starch.
3. Ingredion Company produces resistant corn starch
4. Cargill Foods makes resistant Tapioca Starch.
5. Penford rolls out fibre with resistant potato starch product. May 15, 2008
6. Penford.com. Delivering Digestive Wellness 7. Potato Starch Pilot Plant. Zockerforschung Tullin. Accessed December 4, 2014.
8. Food Processing Staff. Resistant Starch 101: A guide to Understanding This Fiber-Like Starch. Food Processing.
Antibiotic Resistant Bacteria in FoodImported broiler meat shows increase in ESBLK-production
Joe Whitworth, Food Quality news.10/14/13
GMO NewsGoing GMO-Free in 2014? Avoid These 6 Surprising Foods
Emily Coyle.wallstcheatsheet.com. 01/04/2014
Senators Angle for Monsanto Friendly FDA Voluntary GMO Labeling Guidance
Katherine Paul, Alexis Baden-Mayer.9/25/13
WA GMO Initiative, See How I-522 will impact you.
GMO labels won't affect supermarket prices, study says.
Maggie Hennessy. Bakeryandsnacks.com. 09/12/2013
Genetically Modified Organisms. Maui joins Kauai in limiting GMO Crops. Hawaiian islands take more steps to limit spread of GMO crops.
Christopher D'Angelo. Reuters. 12/06/2013
Treatment for Candida AlbicanA common herb consumed in Australia and South Asia named Gymnema Slyvestre is according to research at Kansas State University effective against Candida Albicans..........
Govindsamy Vediyappan.Research Treats the Fungus Among Us with Nontoxic Medicinal Compound. Kansas State University. 09/12/2013.
Dr. Kummerow sues FDA......Researcher files lawsuit vs FDA after it ignored his petition calling for ban on artificial trans fats.
Elaine Watson.Food Navigator - USA. 08/13/13
Gut BacteriaDiets high in fruits and vegetables and low in fat help grow good bacteria which keeps people thin. Transferring those bacteria to obese mice causes them to lose weight.
Gina Kolata.The New York Times. 09/05/2013
Nanotechnology and FoodNanoparticles are smaller than one billionth of a meter in size. Food scientists are incorporating nanoparticles in food to obtain qualities that they want. For example silver is an antibacterial. Nanoparticles of silver are being incorporating into some foods for this reason. There is concern that the safety of ingesting such nanoparticles hasn't been adequately researched.1 Nanoparticles are also finding their way into medicine.
Toxic Nanoparticles Might be Entering Human Food Supply, MU Study Finds
QA Magazine. September 3, 2013
Nanotechnology applied to European food production- A review of ethical and regulatory issues.
Trends in Food Science and Technology. September 4, 2013
Genetically Modified CropsTHE JOURNAL NATURE HAS SEVERAL NEW STUDIES ON GENETICALLY MODIFIED CROPS.
US Regulations Misses some GM Crops
Heidi Ledford. Nature. 08/20/2013
Genetically Modified Crops Pass benefits to Weeds
Jane Qiu. Nature. 08/16/2013
GM rice delivers antibodies against deadly rotavirus
Michelle Dobrovolny. Nature. 08/09/2013.
Monsanto drops GM in Europe
Daniel Cressey. Nature. 07/23/2013.
Hunt for mystery GM Wheat hots up
Heidi Ledford. Nature. 07/17/2013.
Modified Celluloses"MODIFIED CELLULOSES Includes; hydroxypropyl cellulose, hydroxypropyl methylcellulose, methylcellulose, methylethylcullulose, sodium carboxymethyl-cellulose"
WHO Food Additives Series, No. 5., 1974. IPCS, Inchem.
Hot Chocolate NewsChocolate May Help Keep Brain Healthy
American Academy of Neurology, 07/31/2013